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Friday, May 8, 2020 | History

2 edition of sources and sinks of water vapor in the stratosphere found in the catalog.

sources and sinks of water vapor in the stratosphere

Helmut K Weickmann

sources and sinks of water vapor in the stratosphere

by Helmut K Weickmann

  • 354 Want to read
  • 12 Currently reading

Published by Environmental Research Laboratories, for sale by Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in Boulder, Colo, Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Water vapor, Atmospheric,
  • Stratosphere

  • Edition Notes

    StatementHelmut K. Weickmann and Charles C. Van Valin
    SeriesNOAA technical report ; ERL 307-APCL 32, NOAA technical report ERL -- 307, NOAA technical report ERL -- 32
    ContributionsVan Valin, C. C, Environmental Research Laboratories (U.S.)
    The Physical Object
    Pagination34 p. :
    Number of Pages34
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15474604M

      Increased water vapor in the stratosphere makes it warmer on the ground by trapping heat, while the ozone loss makes it colder on the ground. However, water vapor has a much larger effect, so that overall the changes increase global warming by about %. (Feedbacks in the climate system could make this value quite uncertain, however). also cool the stratosphere. Stratospheric water vapor changes would have a similar effect [Rind and Lonergan, ; Forster and Shine, ,; WM] The only significant long-term sources of strato-spheric water vapor are in situ production re-sulting from methane oxidation, and trans-port from the troposphere, which takes placeFile Size: KB.

    On sources and sinks. Or, this could be telling us there is more water vapor in the upper atmosphere (source as yet unknown, but maybe rockets, small comets, or changes in transport of water from the troposphere). (note, in the book, this is the horizontal axis). Methane has about.   Water vapor sinks: cold (condensation, precipitation) - plants (some derive their required water during the respiration cycle) Ozone: time (it is unstable) - molecules that it can oxidize (carbon-carbon double bonds, not fully oxidized sulfur compounds).

    Sources and sinks of climate entropy Article in Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society () - July with 28 Reads How we measure 'reads'Author: Richard Goody. The action of water vapor on the stratospheric ozone chemistry is studied in the low latitude region and the Polar Regions with the data of the solar-occultation infrared spectrometers LAS boarding the satellite OHZORA (EXOS-C) and ILAS boarding the satellite Midori (ADEOS), respectively. The study in the low latitude region with the LAS data on 4 April indicates the clear anti.


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Sources and sinks of water vapor in the stratosphere by Helmut K Weickmann Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. The sources and sinks of water vapor in the stratosphere. [Helmut K Weickmann; C C Van Valin; United States. National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration.; Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry Laboratory (U.S.),; Environmental Research Laboratories (U.S.),].

The water cycle is the major natural process that influences the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere, although it is evaporation that turns liquid water into a gas. Water evaporation Water vapor in our atmosphere is an important greenhouse gas (GHG). On a cloudy day we can see evidence of the amount of water vapor in our Size: 6MB.

Methane plays many important roles in the earth's environment. It is a potent "greenhouse gas" that warms the earth; controls the oxidizing capacity of the atmosphere (OH) indirectly affecting the cycles and abundances of many atmospheric trace gases; provides water vapor to the stratosphere; scavenges chlorine atoms from the stratosphere, terminating the catalytic ozone destruction by.

What is the relationship between water vapor and temperature. When the temperature is high, there is more water vapor in the atmosphere. Water vapor is a greenhouse gas.

What do you think will happen to the temperature when the Sources, Sinks, and Feedbacks Answer Key, Size: KB. By all measures, methane is the second only to CO2 in causing future global warming. The book presents a comprehensive account of the current understanding of atmospheric methane, and it is an end point for summarizing more than a decade of intensive research on the global sources, sinks, concentrations, and environmental role of : Paperback.

In the s, the tropospheric concentration of N 2 O was about ppbv and increased at about % y −1 over the –96 period, due to imbalance between the global sources and sinks of N 2 O.

The stratosphere is a net photochemical source of NO y and a net photochemical sink of N 2 O. Water vapor is also a by-product of combustion; the burning of natural gas, petroleum and other fossil fuels also contributes to the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere.

Extraction of water from underground sources such as aquifers for drinking and irrigation is another anthropogenic source of water vapor. Water vapor is the Earth’s most.

The effect from stratospheric water vapor contributes a fraction of the temperature change imposed from man-made greenhouse gases. Also, it's not yet clear whether changes in stratospheric water vapor are caused by a climate feedback or internal variability (eg - linked to El Nino Southern Oscillation).

However, the long term warming trend seems to speak against the possibility of a negative. Figure 3: Impact of changes in stratospheric water vapor on radiative forcing since due to well-mixed greenhouse gases (WMGHG), aerosols, and stratospheric water vapor.

The shaded region shows the stratospheric water contribution (Solomon ). What caused these changes. Water vapor in the stratosphere has two main sources. @article{osti_, title = {Sources and sinks of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide: Atmospheric candidates and their implications for global change}, author = {Prasad, S S}, abstractNote = {Nitrous oxide has important roles in regulating global changes, including climate warming, because it is not only a greenhouse gas but also the dominant source of the odd nitrogen radicals which.

Work in the s first identified the OH radical as a strong oxidant in the stratosphere. OH reacts rapidly with most reduced non-radical species, and is particularly reactive toward H-containing molecules due to H-abstraction reactions converting OH to H2O.

Production of OH is by reaction of water vapor with O(1D) (section ): (R1) (R2) (R3). Get this from a library. Atmospheric methane: sources, sinks, and role in global change. [M A K Khalil; North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Scientific Affairs Division.;] -- Methane plays many important roles in the earth's environment. It is a potent "greenhouse gas" that warms the earth; controls the oxidizing capacity of the atmosphere (OH) indirectly affecting the.

Because the stratosphere is extremely dry, condensation of water vapor to form ice clouds requires extremely low temperatures. The stratospheric mixing ratio of water vapor is relatively uniform at ppmv. In the lower stratosphere at hPa (16 km altitude), this mixing ratio corresponds to a water vapor pressure of x hPa.

But since there has been less water vapor in a narrow, lower band of the stratosphere thanks to cooler temperatures in the tropopause, and that Author: David Biello.

Sources and sinks of stratospheric water vapor Technical Report Ellsaesser, H W A tutorial review of the understanding of stratospheric H/sub 2/O and the processes controlling it is presented. Water vapor, water vapour or aqueous vapor is the gaseous phase of is one state of water within the vapor can be produced from the evaporation or boiling of liquid water or from the sublimation of vapor is transparent, like most constituents of the atmosphere.

Under typical atmospheric conditions, water vapor is continuously generated by evaporation and Melting point: °C ( K). Water vapor changes in the stratosphere contribute to warmer temperatures and likely play an important role in the evolution of Earth’s climate, according to new research.

The earth's atmosphere is a thin layer of gases surrounding the planet. Yet this layer is vital for life on Earth as it regulates its surface temperature and holds oxygen and water, necessary for life.

Pressure in the atmosphere ranges from 10 3 mbar at sea level to 10 −4 mbar at the top of the atmosphere, and to eventually 0 in space (Fig. right inset).Author: Nadine Borduas, Neil M. Donahue. It looks as though the major (recent) changes have occurred in the most sensitive region – the lower stratosphere.

The paper comments: Because of a lack of global data, we have considered only the stratospheric changes, but if the drop in water vapor after were to extend downward by 1 km, Fig. 2 shows that this would significantly increase its effect on surface climate. However, methane chemistry does have an important influence on the global atmosphere, affecting the amount of ozone (O 3) in both the troposphere and stratosphere, the amount of hydroxyl (OH) in the troposphere, and the amount of water vapor (H 2 O) in the by:.

A greenhouse gas (sometimes abbreviated GHG) is a gas that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range. Greenhouse gases cause the greenhouse effect on planets. The primary greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere are water vapor (H 2 O), carbon dioxide (CO 2), methane (CH 4), nitrous oxide (N 2 O), and ozone (O 3).Without greenhouse gases, the average temperature of .by the water vapor in the air.

The total pressure inside an air parcel is equal to the sum of pressures of the individual gases. In the left figure, the total pressure of the air parcel is equal to sum of vapor pressure plus the pressures exerted by Nitrogen and Oxygen.

High vapor pressure indicates large numbers of water vapor molecules.Humidity-the amount of water vapor in the air relative humidity: ratio of water vapor in air divided by amount of water vapor could hod for that temp warm air can hold more water the most common measurement used to describe water vapor in the air.

expresses how close the .